Transbay Transit Center and Caltrain Downtown Extension

Transbay Transit Center west end steel erection

Rooftop park amphitheater rendering


The Transbay Transit Center/Caltrain Downtown Extension (TTC/DTX) project will transform downtown San Francisco and regional transportation well into the 21st Century. The project consists of three interconnected elements: replacing the outmoded terminal with a modern terminal; extending Caltrain 1.3 miles from Fourth and King streets to the new TTC at First and Mission streets, with accommodations for future high-speed rail service; and creating a new transit-friendly neighborhood with 3,000 new homes (35 percent of which will be affordable) and mixed-use commercial development.

The total program budget is currently estimated at $6.2 billion in year-of-expenditure dollars. In June 2016, the Transbay Joint Powers Authority (TJPA) Board adopted a $2.26 billion revised budget for Phase 1, which consists of the TTC, bus and pedestrian ramps, and the train box, which is the underground portion of the TTC building that will house the Caltrain and high-speed rail station. This revision came as a result of a risk analysis refresh conducted in September 2015 that updated the risk model, and a Cost Review conducted by the Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC) also completed in September 2015. The additional funds were secured through a combination of an already planned land sale and Lease Revenue Certificates of participation approved by the San Francisco Board of Supervisors with the participation of the MTC. TJPA’s current estimate for Phase 2 (DTX) is $3.9 billion. 

This is the largest project in the Prop K Expenditure Plan, which designates up to $270 million (in 2003 dollars) for this purpose. The Expenditure Plan specifies that the TTC and the DTX are to be built as a single integrated project. To date, the Transportation Authority has allocated $174.3 million in Prop K funds to the project, in addition to state Regional Improvement Program (RIP) funds. The Transportation Authority has also allocated $6 million in One Bay Area Grant funds toward bicycle and pedestrian improvements associated with the TTC.


  • Improved access to rail and bus services
  • Improved Caltrain service by providing direct access to downtown San Francisco
  • Enhanced connectivity between Caltrain and other major transit providers
  • Modernization of the Transbay Terminal that meets future transit needs
  • Reduced non-transit vehicle use
  • Accommodating projected growth in travel demand in the San Jose-San Francisco corridor
  • Reduced traffic congestion on US Highway 101 and I-280 between San Jose and San Francisco and reduced vehicle hours of delay on major freeways in the Peninsula corridor
  • Provide connectivity to a future Geary line
  • Improved regional air quality by reducing auto emissions
  • Direct access to downtown San Francisco for future intercity and high-speed rail service
  • Alleviation of blight and revitalization of the Transbay Terminal Area
  • Support of local economic development goals.


Transbay Transit Center skinPhase 1 is now in the final year of construction. Final Design was completed in May 2014 by a team led by Pelli Clark Pelli Architects. A team headed by Webcor Builders is providing construction management/general contractor services. Construction of the Temporary Terminal was completed in mid-2010 and full operations commenced at the new site in December 2010. At the new TTC, work on the Superstructure Concrete contract was completed in December 2016. Work on the plumbing and HVAC is underway, with installation of conduits and piping while work on the installation of the exterior awning is approximately 74% complete. Bus deck and roof deck concrete has been completed in the western zone, where installation of mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) sleeves and hangers continues. Two switchgear rooms have been commissioned. In the central zone, fireproofing is progressing on all levels, together with the waterproofing of the ground level slab. Installation of the glazing at the grand hall and bus deck is nearing completion, together with the glass walkway and skylight glass. Landscaping on the rooftop park started in early 2017. Substantial completion of the TTC building is anticipated for December 2017.

Structural concrete work is now complete on the bus ramps from I-80 to the terminal. Installation of the support cables is also complete and all cables have ben stressed. Substantial completion of the ramps is anticipated for April 2017.

Bus operations in the new Transbay Transit Center are scheduled to start in March 2018.


A team led by Parsons Transportation Group has substantially completed work on preliminary engineering of Phase 2. The DTX was originally scheduled for completion in 2019; however, work is on hold due to a significant funding gap. This notwithstanding, work continues on the Supplemental EIS/EIR and coordination with Caltrain and the California High Speed Rail Authority.

In 2012, the MTC identified DTX as only one of two new regional priorities for New Starts funds in Plan Bay Area, the Regional Transportation Plan/Sustainable Communities Strategy that MTC adopted in July 2013. The regional endorsement of DTX helps to position the project well to receive federal funding in the highly competitive federal New Starts program.

TJPA is exploring the feasibility of alternative project delivery options, including Public Private Partnership (P3) as means to reduce cost and accelerate delivery. Transportation Authority staff will continue to work closely with TJPA, the City, and other funding partners to support delivery of Phase 1 and to advance strategies to close the funding gap for Phase 2.


TIMEFRAMEspacer image
Jun 1995–Mar 2001   Planning/Conceptual Engineering
Jun 2000–Jun 2009   Environmental Studies
Jul 2007–Jun 2012   Design Engineering
Aug 2010   Operations begin at Temporary Terminal
Aug 2010   Demolition of old terminal begins
Dec 2010   Shoring Wall and Buttress construction begins
Feb 2013   Sub-surface construction begins
Nov 2014   Structural Steel construction begins
Aug 2015   Interior Finishes begin
Nov 2015   Exterior Enclosure construction begins
Mar 2018   Bus Operations begin


Construction update photo courtesy Rocor via flickr Commons.